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GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Certificate

It is a qualification awarded upon successful completion of a programme which is usually one year in length (usually two academic semesters of four months each), and is offered mostly at colleges. Many certificates also include practicum/internship/co-op feature in addition to the academic semesters.
Students completing a certificate at one educational institution may transfer to another institution to continue their studies earning a diploma or bachelor degree while applying their transfer credits towards the new program to accelerate the completion of the program.

Diploma

It is the qualification awarded on the basis of one or two year’s successful study, and is offered mostly at colleges. Often a diploma may include practicum/internship/co-op feature in addition to the academic semesters.
Students completing a diploma at one educational institution may transfer to another institution to continue their studies earning a bachelor degree while applying their transfer credits towards the new program to accelerate the completion of the program.

Advanced Diploma

An extended version of the regular diploma. It is the qualification awarded on the basis of usually three (3) years successful study, and is offered mostly at colleges.
Often an advanced diploma includes practicum/internship/co-op feature in addition to the academic semesters.
Students completing a diploma at one educational institution may transfer to another institution to continue their studies earning a bachelor degree while applying their transfer credits towards the new program to accelerate the completion of the program.

Associate Degree

An Associate’s degree is an academic degree awarded by community colleges, vocational colleges, and some bachelor-degree-granting colleges and universities - generally after two years of full-time study. Some are career or professional degrees and others are considered transfer degrees, whereby students complete general education requirements in order to transfer into a Bachelor’s program.

Bachelor Degree

Undergraduate/bachelors degrees are qualifications awarded by a university after four years of full-time study, and lead to graduate level studies.
Some bachelor degree programs may include co-op feature in addition to the academic semesters.

Post-Graduate Certificate/Post-Degree Certificate/Graduate Certificate

It is a post-bachelor-degree qualification awarded upon successful completion of a programme which is usually one year in length (usually two academic semesters of four months each). Many post-degree certificates also include practicum/internship/co-op feature in addition to the academic semesters.
A pre-requisite to participate in this type of graduate studies program is a bachelors/undergraduate degree (4 years).

Post-Graduate Diploma/Post-Degree Diploma/Graduate Diploma/Post-Baccalaureate Diploma

It is a post-bachelor-degree qualification awarded upon successful completion of a programme which is usually one to two years in length (usually two-three academic semesters of four months each). Many post-degree certificates also include practicum/internship/co-op feature in addition to the academic semesters.
A pre-requisite to participate in this type of graduate studies program is a bachelors/undergraduate degree (4 years).

Master Degree

It is a graduate level degree qualification awarded upon successful completion of a programme which is usually one to two years (full time) in length. It requires a combination of course work and thesis.Some master degrees may include practicum/internship/co-op feature in addition to the academic semesters.
Pre-requisites to participating in a master’s programme is a four year bachelor’s degree with high academic standing equivalent to a minimum mid-B grade in Canada (mid 70’s); at least two academic letters of reference; and other qualifications as specified, ie., TOEFL/IELTS, GMAT/GRE general and/or subject test.
Typical master degrees related to tourism & hospitality are Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Arts (MA) or Master of Science (MSc).
Master of Business Administration (MBA)M programmes will typically require a minimum of two to three years of relevant work experience, GMAT score, TOEFL/IELTS score, and a four- year degree, and are generally two years in duration, though a few institutes offer a fast track option.

Doctorate or Ph.D.

It is a degree ranking above a master’s degree, and generally requires four to seven years to complete full time. A combination of course work, original research, and a thesis is required. Prerequisites are typically a master’s degree, although direct entry from a bachelor’s degree to a Ph.D. programme may be possible depending on the school and programme. Minimum high-B grade in Canada (high 70’s) is required; where relevant, demonstrated research competence equivalent to at least a B+ grade; at least two academic letters of reference; and other qualifications as specified, ie., TOEFL, GRE general and or subject test.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

If my TOEFL or IELTS score isn’t high enough, can I apply for an English language course and, when my English reaches the required level, be accepted into another program?

Yes, you may select to upgrade your English skills at our partner ESL schools. Some of the colleges and universities offer ESL programs or you may start your study at ESL school and transfer to the institution of your choice, often without writing TOEFL or IELTS exam.

Do all your partner-colleges offer university transfer programs?

Majority of our member-colleges offer university transfer program. Most of them have articulation with other colleges offering diploma and degree programs and/or with universities. In most cases, students don’t need to retake any courses taken at other Canadian educational institutions and be accepted to programs at Canadian universities provided they meet the entry requirement for transfer students. Several universities offer accelerated degree programs where transfer students may finish a bachelor degree in one year instead of two.

Are some college or university programs overbooked? What if I’m on a wait list?

Some programs may happen to be oversubscribed at some institutions but available at others. We are always trying to find a solution to such situation.

How long do I have to wait to be accepted into a program?

Provided that the school has all required documents and application fee, you should estimate 4-8 weeks minimum to receive confirmation of acceptance from a school. Some institutions with large volumes of applications may take longer to process your requests.

Are credits for previous study from foreign educational institutions transferable to Canadian colleges and universities?

This varies from institution to institution. Most of the institutions may give you up to 50% of your previous work. It will all depend on your courses taken and its contents. Also, it will depend on your marks for the courses taken. Usually, institutions will evaluate the courses taken based on provided courses outlines and transcripts. There may be a fee associated with evaluation of the courses taken. Once approved, you will be given a transfer credit and won’t need to re-take the courses taken previously.

Is it possible to transfer from one Canadian educational institution to another?

Yes. Many institutions offer laddering programs which means students can study certificate or diploma program at one educational institution and then transfer to another to complete their advanced diploma, degree or post-degree program. Majority of institutions have articulation programs in place which simplifies the transfer process to other institution. We assist in designing student’s program of study that may include transfer from one to another institution and gain the benefit of obtaining two different institutional credentials.

Am I required to get my transcripts translated into English or French?

Preferably, yes. Institutions need to verify that you have attained the qualifications, and took the courses in your program of studies, that are prerequisites for the program you are applying. Translation into English is preferred by most of the institutions except institutions in the Province of Quebec where you may submit transcripts translated in French - you should verify prior to your application’s submission.
If needed, we can assist you in translating your transcripts where necessary.

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